Ableist presumptions of speech make it something that is always planned and controlled. One day in the mouth of the stutterer might remind such assumers that impairment is not so much as a personality flaw but a spontaneous emission that issues forth from our internal rhythm.
Carnegie's How To Win Friends and Influence People represents a tradition of self-help that earnestly emphasizes first impressions and interpersonal conduct. Carnegie's work emerges out of the early "Fordist" culture of factory uniformity. The codes of social conduct presented and embraced by personality-improvers hang on a type of bet. For example, Carnegie cites William James saying “we are making use of only a small piece of our mental resources.” Thus Carnegie's personality-centered ideology of self-help seeks to surpass the so-called limits of human ability and pursue human perfection through a purging of unproductive or un-useful behaviors.
Such emphasis on surpassing limits pretends to be utopian, but in fact express a desire for inhuman efficiency in the service of capital productivity. Productivity and efficiency are not the natural function of the human body, no matter how social darwinists may protest. The body is not as singular as factory managers seem to think, instead multiple different forces live in the body. Thousands of bacteria and micro-organisms reside in the body; likewise the stutter is produced through a beautiful set of innate and animate circumstances that conspire to invade the linguistic realm.
Stuttering may not fulfill the efficiency-demands that ask modern individuals to sell their flesh and hours in a brutal exchange for life. Stuttering cannot actually lengthen seconds or delay train schedules. But stutterers can intend to say one thing and in the delay granted by our speech impediment, enact a spontaneous revision that fixes our speech before the error is fully manifest. We stutterers linger meditatively upon sentences without even intending to. Likewise, the stutter is not useful for making friends who want to hurry, but perhaps friends that can bare the slowing of time around repeated syllables are more generous and friendly people anyway.